Feed grain cell walls contain fibre structures made of complex polymers called non-starch polysaccharides (NSP). They enclose highly valuable nutrients in the cells, like proteins, starch, vitamins or minerals and act as a barrier, the so called "cage effect." While animals possess the enzymes to digest these nutrients, they lack the adequate enzymes needed to digest the fibre structures preventing them from entering into cells.
The high level of indigestible NSPs in grains increases the viscosity of the intestinal contents, decreases the passage rate, reduces nutrient digestibility, and alters the digestive ecosystem. A highly viscous intestinal environment will increase the proliferation of enteric bacteria, such as Clostridium perfringens. Furthermore, a large amount of undigested nutrients in the small intestine, with a slow passage, increases the chances of rapid bacterial colonization of the intestine.
Fullzyme® NSP contains a combination of Xylanase, Beta-glucanase, Cellulase, Mannanase and Pectinase to ensure the optimal degradation of non-starch polysaccharides. They work synergistically in degrading the complex fibre structure in plant cell walls which improves digesta viscosity and nutrient availability for endogenous and exogenous enzymes. In addition, the better utilization of the nutrients by the animal means fewer nutrients available for the pathogenic bacteria to grow.